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wvgs.wvnet.edu – WV geological & economic survey official site

dep.wv.gov – WV Department of Environmental Protection official site

mineralweb.com – “Insight for Mineral Owners Rights” Oil & Gas Mineral Services

gomarcellusshale.com – All people, companies & places related to the Marcellus Shale


PostHeaderIconOppose Senate Bill 383

Oppose Senate Bill 383

On January 25 a bill, Senate bill 383, was introduced this bill if passed would effectively terminate any and all negotiating power that a mineral owner has.  This bill GIVES the gas companies the right to pool as long as they have a lease.

As many mineral owners know there are many leases that do not allow for forced pooling and therefore the company has to come and renegotiate to get pooling in these old leases.  If this bill is passed these companies no longer have to do that.  As long as they have a lease then they are automatically granted pooling rights; taking the negotiation completely off the table.


Please take a moment and contact your representative TODAY and let them know that Senate Bill 383 is TERRIBLE for West Virginians!


PostHeaderIconWVROA State on EQTs Least integration Proposal

WVROA Statement on EQT’s Lease Integration Proposal

West Virginia Royalty Owner’s Association strongly opposes this proposal as it is a massive theft of property rights. Old leases that lack pooling and unitization provisions currently must be reopened and renegotiated with mineral owners by the gas company holding the old lease. While lease modifications do not generally garner as much consideration as a new lease, this process allows mineral owners to negotiate for changes they want to these old leases as well such as a higher royalty percentage or simply a monetary consideration.

The single paragraph proposal known as lease integration eliminates the need for gas companies to renegotiate these oftentimes century old leases altogether. It gives the gas companies a right under these leases they currently do not have, with absolutely no consideration made to the property owner. It allows absolute surface use rights as well. Furthermore, it undermines the Tawney Decision that states unless a lease specifically grants the right of gas companies to take post production expenses from royalty that those expenses may not be taken.

If the Legislature passes EQT’s Lease Integration proposal as its own bill or as an amendment, they are eliminating the ability of thousands of mineral owners of millions of acres of oil and gas to negotiate pooling and unitization modifications. Eliminating these negotiations eliminates all payments made for those modifications and depresses the amount of royalties paid on those lease, which is why Lease Integration is theft, pure and simple.

Should the Legislature want to take a fair and comprehensive approach to this issue it need look no farther than The Horizontal Well Unitization and Landowner Protection Act. The negotiations around this bill included representatives of IOGA and WVONGA, the two largest oil and gas industry groups in the state, as well as The National Association of Royalty Owners, The Surface Owner's Rights Organization, West Virginia Farm Bureau, West Virginia Land and Mineral, and The West Virginia Royalty Owner's Association. This process led to a compromise that protects property rights and ensures property owner’s right to negotiate and receive consideration while also allowing for efficient and fair development.


For more information or a copy of the proposed EQT paragraph, please feel free to contact the WVROA organization.


PostHeaderIconThe Horizontal Unitization and Landowner Protection Act

Why WVROA Supports The Horizontal Unitization and Landowner Protection Act

1.       The bill replaces the current pooling law for formations below the Onondaga and applies to all horizontal wells. Currently below the Onondaga, West Virginia allows for forced pooling without any of the protections listed below. That means formations such as the Utica and the Rodgersville can be pooled without any effort to lease before going to the Commission.

2.       The bill expands the Oil and Gas Commission to include a Royalty Owner who is unaffiliated with an operator and a farmer giving property owners a powerful voice in the decision making process.

3.       The bill requires multiple good faith efforts to lease the property before applying for a unit order as well as requiring at least 80 percent of the proposed unit acreage to have pooling agreements, meaning leases that contain pooling provisions. This threshold is the highest in any pooling statute nationwide. This threshold forces companies to actually negotiate in order to achieve this number.

4.       Companies applying for a unit order must provide the details of how much was paid in upfront money and how much was agreed to in royalty percentage prior to any hearing. That information is available to anyone involved in the hearing for ten days prior to the hearing.

5.       Property owners being forced in can present their own evidence or witnesses at the hearing to argue why they should not be pooled or how much they should be paid.

6.       Any pooled tract cannot be used for surface operations. So the well pad and all pipelines, roads, and other surface use must have voluntary agreements made with owners.

7.       The bill prohibits the Unit Order from allowing deductions from royalties. Since deductions can reduce royalty checks by up to 75% this is an essential protection. It also makes it easier for royalty owners to hold out against leases containing deductions as it makes going to a forced pooling hearing possibly desirable for a mineral owner.

8.       While the minimum royalty is set at 12.5% with no deductions, the Commission can decide to order a higher royalty percentage with no deductions, with no ceiling. That determination is made by the Commission based on evidence from the hearing.

9.       On lease modifications, the terms can be no less favorable to the mineral owner as the original lease, so they cannot insert deductions into deduction free leases or change free gas provisions where they already exist in old leases.

10.   Pooled in owners can choose from multiple options, including being a carried interest owner with only a 200 % risk penalty, a participating owner, or simply a traditional royalty owner.

11.   All Unit Orders are appealable to the Circuit Court under administrative rules. We opposed De Nova Review as was offered as an amendment because De Nova would mean none of the important protections would apply to the court’s decision on appeal and would advantage the Producer over the property owner.


12.   After a period of 5 years and due diligence in locating lost owners, the surface owner can apply for a deed to be issued for those minerals, and once that deed is issued they would receive royalties and two years back royalties. The royalties accruing in that 3 year period go to plug abandoned wells in WV.


PostHeaderIconWhat Post Production Deductions will Do to YOU

How Post Production Deductions Affect Your Royalty Check

We advocate a cost free royalty clause whenever someone asks about a lease, so the question is what really are “Post Production Costs”?  Here is a list of some of the deductions we recently saw on a royalty check:

Compression Fee (3 different types)

Fractionation Fee

Marcellus Cone Gathering System Charges

Marcellus Flat Fee Production ($1.20)

Marcellus Post Production Cost (3 different types)

Marketing Fee

Plant Processing Fee (2 different types)

Transportation (2 different types)

This is how much a simple 12.5% royalty would be impacted by allowing for post-production costs.

Value Column Total






Net Column Total



Unitized Royalty Percentage



Take Home Check



Net Royalty




This Royalty Owner would lose $1,274.53 a MONTH! Over HALF of what they should have gotten.


PostHeaderIconLeasing Clauses to Look for

Top Leasing Clauses to Include or Remove!

1.  Specific Depth Reservation

· Lease only the Marcellus, or only the shallow formations; never lease the surface to center of the earth.

2.  Lease only Your Tract

· Avoid language that includes words such as adjacent, or contiguous; it can allow them to hold your tract even though there is no production.

3.  Your Royalty Payments are Deduction Free

· Deductions or post production expenses on royalty payments can reduce a 12.5% lease to under 6%.

4.  Avoid Enhancement Clauses

· Enhancement clauses have been used against royalty owner’s under the guise of ‘The gas is not marketable at the well head, so transportation is an enhancement’; even if your lease says deduction free.

5.  Pugh Clause

· If a portion of your acreage is not included in a unit, the non-developed acreage is released, allowing for another company to potentially develop it.

6.  Warranty of Title

· Do not give any warranty on your title, in most cases you haven’t done title and they have approached you wanting to lease.

7.  Limit on Shut in Payments

· Put a time limit for how long a shut in payment can hold your lease in full effect.

8. ALWAYS Consult a Lawyer

· These are a few things to watch for and should not be considered legal advice, find a good oil and gas lawyer that will be able to assist in the leasing process.